Heart valve disease is a serious health condition that affects millions worldwide. Among the valves, the mitral valve plays a critical role in maintaining proper blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle. However, when this valve becomes dysfunctional or starts leaking, it can lead to significant health issues, including heart failure. Traditionally, correcting such issues required open-heart surgery, posing considerable risks, especially for patients with multiple health conditions or advanced age. Enter Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement (TMVR) – a groundbreaking, minimally invasive procedure that is redefining the treatment landscape for patients with mitral valve issues.

What is TMVR? Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement (TMVR) is an innovative treatment approach designed to replace a faulty mitral valve without the need for traditional open-heart surgery. Also known as the bicuspid valve or left atrioventricular valve, the mitral valve is crucial for the heart’s blood flow. TMVR uses a catheter, inserted through a vein in the leg, to guide and implant a new valve into the heart, effectively restoring normal blood flow and valve function.

Who Can Benefit from TMVR? TMVR is particularly beneficial for patients deemed too high-risk for conventional surgery due to age, illness, or other complicating factors. This includes individuals with mitral valve regurgitation (leaking) or mitral valve stenosis (narrowing) who experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, or heart palpitations. A team of cardiac specialists, including cardiologists and surgeons, will evaluate whether TMVR is the best course of action based on the patient’s overall health, the severity of the valve disease, and the structure of the heart.

Advantages of TMVR:

  1. Minimally Invasive: By avoiding the need for chest opening and heart stopping, TMVR reduces the physical trauma and psychological stress associated with traditional heart surgery.
  2. Shorter Hospital Stay and Recovery: Patients typically experience a faster recovery and can return to their daily activities much sooner than with conventional surgery.
  3. Lowered Risk of Complications: The procedure reduces the risk of infection, bleeding, and complications related to general anesthesia and surgical recovery.
  4. Improved Symptoms and Quality of Life: Many patients report significant improvements in their symptoms and overall well-being following TMVR.

The TMVR Procedure: The TMVR procedure is performed under general anesthesia, typically in a specialized cardiac catheterization lab or hybrid operating room. The process begins with a catheter being inserted into a vein in the leg and carefully guided to the heart using advanced imaging techniques. The new mitral valve, attached to the catheter, is precisely positioned and deployed within the faulty native valve. Once secure and functioning, the catheter is removed. The entire procedure may take several hours, and patients usually spend a few days in the hospital for monitoring and recovery.


Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement (TMVR) is a revolutionary advancement in the field of cardiac care, offering a safer and less invasive option for patients with mitral valve disease who are not candidates for traditional surgery. By providing a viable alternative, TMVR has the potential to significantly improve the outcomes and quality of life for many patients facing this challenging condition. If you or someone you know is struggling with mitral valve disease, consider consulting with a healthcare provider to discuss the possibility of TMVR and whether it is the right option.

This content is designed to educate and inform patients and their families about the innovative TMVR procedure, enhancing the understanding of its benefits and applications on your healthcare website.